This survivor of the Ice Age inhabits the arctic regions including Greenland, Siberia and northwestern Canada (Yukon and Territories Northwest). Inuits call it omingmark which means “animal with a fur as a beard’’. His thick brown fur, called qiviut, effectively protects it in the extreme cold of northern regions (-40 ° C), this fleece is eight times warmer than sheep fur and its texture is finer than the famous cashmere. However, once wet the insulation loses its effectiveness.
The male musk ox can weigh up to 315 kg while the female, who is smaller, weighs about 190 kilograms. Despite what we might think about the musk ox appearance, it measures only 1 meter 50 at the withers. Both sexes have horns of a thickness of 10 centimeters.
Musk oxen live in a herd considered sedentary and are led by a dominant male or female. When predators approach, musk oxen form a circle with the youngest ones in the middle to protect them and thereby intimidate the opponent. The female gives birth to one calf per year if weather permits and it is usually born between April and June.